The Obstacles to Clear Perception
2.3 The obstacles are false perception (avidya), ego
(asmita), attachment (raga),
aversion (dvesha) and fear (abhinivesha).
2.4 False perception (avidya) is the source of all the
which may be obscure and barely visible or exposed and dominant.
False perception, misapprehension,
2.5 False perception leads to errors in comprehension of
character, origin, and effects of the objects and situations perceived.
The impermanent seems permanent, the unclear seems clear, the painful
seems pleasurable and the non-self seems to be the true Self.
Ego, false identity, confused values,
need to be
2.6 False identity results when we regard the
instruments of perception (body and mind) as
Attachment, attraction, desire
2.7 Attachment is associated with pleasure and the
Aversion, dislike, hatred, repulsion
2.8 Aversion is associated with painful experiences from
Fear, uncertainty, doubt, insecurity,
fear of death, clinging to life
2.9 Fear is the inborn feeling of anxiety for what is to
(ultimately the death of the physical body.) It affects both the
ignorant and the wise.